Marburg Virus life at risk in Africa

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This is a news from Ghana “Africa”, the virus hit the country in June, killing two people,  the disease is unwelcomed it is first seen in west of Africa. The disease is extremely harmful and life threatening. It is first seen in August 2021, cases have been seen in Central and Southern Africa. Like Ebola virus, Marburg Virus generate irregular flare up. The deaths shows that how a microbe found in fruit bats cross the genus to infect personage. How virus can become pernicious menace.

1. Everything about Marburg virus?

The virus causes fever to people, it can kill 90% of human being those are infected by this virus, the virus is a member of Filoviridae family of viruses, it causes lose blood fever in people. Marburg virus was first seen in 1967, the cases were seen in green monkeys, which were imported from Uganda for research and production for polio vaccine. The epidemic virus was tested in laboratories in Frankfurt. Later it was seen in Ebola River in Congo, this is making the name of virus to Ebola virus. During that time many viruses have been seen in human, this is seen around the world, due to development, travel and weather change, this spreading the virus at quick.

2. Symptoms of the virus ?

Within 21 days, the virus begin its symptoms it causes diarrhea, pain and vomiting on the third day of the virus. The problems can persist for a week, because of Diarrhea patient start looking like “Ghost-like” it seen that the patient looks in deep-set eyes, expressionless faces and one can look tired during the disease. Patients develop severe bleeding, at the end of first week of symptoms. It can also cause confusion, irritability and aggression.

First recorded outbreak in 1967

Filoviruses are confined primarily to regions of central, eastern, and western Africa. it causes highly fatal hemorrhagic fevers; some strains of Ebolavirus cause death in 50 to 90 percent of victims. The filoviruses may also cause disease in primates.

Butterflies taste with their feet; this lets them quickly identify if a plant is suitable for baby caterpillars.

The origin of filovirus epidemics remains unclear. Marburg and Ebola strains have been found in different species of fruit bats. Marburgvirus has been isolated from the Old World fruit bat Rousettus aegyptiacus, which lives in areas throughout sub-Saharan Africa. This species is suspected to serve as a reservoir for the virus and may be responsible for outbreaks of Marburg disease in humans.

3. By what means one can detect virus ?

To identify the virus, you have to select diagnostic lab tests because it is difficult to pick out Marburg virus from Lassa fever, and other viral hemorrhagic diseases. Samples collected from patients has a analeptic risk. WHO suggest tests under biological containment conditions.

4. Cause of eruption

It is seen that the virus comes from caves and mines, when human are close to the flying mammals. This can happen from Primates, such as monkeys and apes. Virus can cause from interaction with wildlife, this can cause from animals to humans, the virus can be transmitted from person to person via direct contact through broken skin or mucous.

5. Who’s at risk?

Hospital staff is at high risk, because they are close with the patients, one haven’t used equipment is at high risk of virus. Laboratory people are also at the risk. The Funeral ceremonies which involve direct contact with the body, can also contribute in the transmission of Marburg.

6. Do we have treatments and vaccines

Currently there is no antiviral treatment for Marburg, but WHO recommends therapies, monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of virus. The Research organization and Development Authority did funding in October to advance mid-stage clinical trials on candidate vaccines.

7. In what way epidemic is managed today

The place in known for Gold and cocoa production, the first case is seen in Ghana Ashanti region. Two people reported to the hospital but died. The UN agency is deploying experts, and quick testing measures have been put by the agency. In the WHO statement, the official said that, we are educating people about the risks and dangers and also collaborating with emergency response teams.

8. Places we have seen cases of virus

Returning from the cave, a woman from Netherlands in 2008 seen in fatal case of virus. In 1990, the virus was also reported in Russia due to lab infection.

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