In 1776, the thirteen American colonies declared themselves independent from the British Empire. This event is commemorated every Fourth of July as Independence Day. But how did the colonists come to this decision? What were the events that led up to it? This article will explore the history of American independence.
America got independence in 1771
The American Revolution was a time when the thirteen American colonies fought for their independence from the British Empire. The colonists had many reasons for wanting to break away from Britain, including high taxes, lack of representation in Parliament, and religious freedom.
The war began in April of 1775 with the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The colonists were not prepared to fight a war, but they were able to win some important battles, such as the Battle of Saratoga and the Battle of Yorktown. In October of 1781, the British finally agreed to recognize the independence of the United States of America.
The American Revolution was a very important event in history. It led to the founding of a new nation based on the principles of liberty and democracy. These principles would later be used to justify other revolutions, such as the French Revolution and the Russian Revolution.
The American Revolution
The American Revolution was a time of great upheaval and change in the United States. It was a time when the colonies broke away from England and became their own nation. The Revolution was not just about politics; it was also about culture and society. American colonists had to create their own identity, and this process was sometimes messy and chaotic. But out of the chaos came a new nation, with its own unique culture and values.
The War of 1812
The War of was a conflict fought between the United States of America and the British Empire. The war began on June 18, 1812, when the British invaded American territory in an attempt to capture the city of New York.
The American forces were outnumbered and outgunned, but they managed to fight the British to a standstill. The turning point of the war came when American forces captured the city of Baltimore. This victory inspired other American cities to resist British occupation.
On September 14, 1814, American and British negotiators met in the city of Ghent to discuss peace terms. The Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24, 1814, and it ended the War of .
The War of was a significant event in American history. It proved that the United States could defend itself against a powerful enemy. The war also helped to cement American identity and unity.
The American Civil War
The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865, mainly in the Southern United States. It started as a conflict between the Confederate States of America, made up of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States, and the Union states, made up of 23 northern states. The primary cause of the war was slavery and states’ rights. The Confederacy wanted to keep slavery while the Union wanted it abolished.
Over 620,000 men died in the Civil War, making it one of the deadliest in American history. The Union eventually prevailed and slavery was abolished. Reconstruction followed in the South, which aimed to rebuild the region and ensure civil rights for African Americans. However, this period was fraught with violence and ended with the withdrawal of federal troops in 1877.
The Spanish-American War
The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the United States and Spain that lasted from April to August 1898. The war began after the US claimed that Spanish forces had sunk the American battleship Maine in Havana harbor.
Although the war only lasted a few months, it had a significant impact on both countries. The US emerged as a leading world power, while Spain lost its last remaining colony in the Americas.
World War I
In 1914, America entered World War I on the side of the Allies. The country had a huge impact on the course of the war, providing troops, supplies, and financial assistance to the Allied cause. American soldiers fought in some of the most important battles of the war, helping to turn the tide in favor of the Allies.
After four years of fighting, the war finally came to an end in 1918. America had played a key role in victory, and its prestige and power had grown immensely. The experience of World War I also helped to shape America’s future foreign policy.
World War II
World War II was a defining event in American history. The United States emerged from the war as a global superpower, with a new sense of purpose and national pride. The war also brought about significant social and economic changes at home, including the rise of the middle class and the expansion of the government’s role in the economy.
The Cold War
Cold War was a war between United States and The Soviet Union, this war developed after World War II this was restricted conflict within two states. Both states had destructive weapons, this war was waged on political, economic, and newspeak fronts. The famous writer George Orwell in his article which was published in 1945 talk about nuclear stalemate between monstrous super-states, all keep weapon which can sweep away any country in few seconds.
The struggle between superpowers
The cold war lead to the creation of NATO, which is North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United States with European countries formed the Organization. The work of the operation was to resist the presence of Soviet in Europe. In the year 1949 the soviet exploded first atomic warhead. U.S gave support to South Korea, and Soviet supported communist govt of North Korea. The Korean Ware lasted until 1953.